Health Beat April 2024

Health Beat

April 2024

College of Health newsletter

All the news that's fit to print

We encourage you to scroll through the whole page, but if you want to skip ahead to a particular section, select from the following.

Visibility

In the news

These stories are predominately made up from the college's alumni magazine, press releases from OSU News and Research Communications, and media mentions.

Students and Alumni

Class of 2024 spotlights

These College of Health graduates are ready to make a difference, improving the future of health and well-being for all.

View all Class of 2024 spotlights.

See how COH students are applying classroom knowledge, building professional networks, and testing out fulfilling careers in health and well-being.

Meet all the internship spotlight students.

Internship spotlights

  • Post-baccalaureate dietetic internship

    Metropolitan Pediatric Clinics

  • Public health, BS

    The Washington County Women, Infants and Children (WIC) and Maternal Child and Family (MCF) programs

  • Public health, MPH

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Health Heroes

Health Heroes stand out among their fellow students and alumni.

They are doing incredible and impactful work in our community, exemplifying our vision to bring health and well-being within reach for all.

Meet all of our Health Heroes, and nominate your own.

Congrats!

Good News for April 2024

Our faculty, staff and students do amazing things!

They receive national, university and college honors; publish books and articles; serve on editorial boards and much more.

Did you or someone you know do something we should share? Let us know by submitting some Good News.

Research

Healthy Discoveries

The Healthy Discoveries program gives undergraduates the support they need to start conducting research projects early in their college careers. This valuable program is made possible thanks to the generous support of the Patricia Valian Reser Fund for Experiential Learning. Let's meet some of our 2024 undergraduate student researchers! We'll be highlighting a few of them each month.

Check out the recent publications from researchers across the college over the past month. See if you can guess the researcher(s) based solely on publication titles:

Publications for the month of April

This paper provides valuable insights into how the dynamic function of the quadriceps affects knee stability during landing in females, especially those recovering from ACL reconstruction. This has broad implications for improving clinical outcomes in ACL rehabilitation and for developing targeted injury prevention programs.

Leptin, a hormone produced by fat cells, plays an important role in regulating energy balance and body weight. It acts on various targets, including specific regions of the brain such as the hypothalamus and the dorsal vagal complex (DVC).

Previous studies have shown that leptin is also required for normal bone growth and turnover. Leptin deficiency leads to impaired bone development, while providing leptin to leptin-deficient mice can restore their skeletal abnormalities.

However, the role of leptin in regulating bone metabolism in individuals with normal leptin levels is less clear.

This study investigates how various activities during the post-lockdown COVID-19 period affected children's emotional well-being.

This editorial highlights the main findings and implications of eight articles published in the current issue of Ecology of Food and Nutrition (EFN), a journal that explores the complex relationships between food, nutrition, health, and various ecological, social, and cultural factors.

The studies were conducted in diverse global contexts, including Brazil, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Mozambique, Nigeria, and the United States, and focus on critical issues such as household food insecurity, vitamin D deficiency, child nutritional status, and barriers to accessing healthy foods.

This study provides important evidence of long-term depression risk after SARS-CoV-2 infection in veterans, highlighting the need for long-term mental health monitoring and treatment, especially of psychological depressive symptoms, in this population.

This research used two different platforms to analyze the serum proteome of individuals over 100 years old. They found 44 proteins associated with extreme old age, and 80 proteins that showed significant changes in expression related to pathways such as blood coagulation and IGF signaling.

This study found that a more favorable perceived built environment was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality and major cardiovascular disease in the Chinese population, particularly in urban areas and among females. This suggests that improving community conditions, such as amenities and transportation, could have a positive impact on health outcomes.

While more research is needed to unravel the complex downstream impacts of SARS-CoV-2 on health and healthcare, this study provides an important piece of the puzzle. It suggests that long after the acute stage of infection, individuals with a history of SARS-CoV-2 infection may need extra support and seamless access to outpatient care to prevent unnecessary hospitalizations. Understanding and addressing these needs will be key to optimizing both patient outcomes and health system efficiency in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic.

While traditional qualitative methods like interviews and focus groups are valuable for small populations, they are not feasible for large-scale, continuous studies due to resource constraints. Social media, however, offers a rich source of data that can provide insights into public perceptions, behaviors, and misconceptions about children's environmental health.

The findings offer ways to encourage collaboration among organizations that support youth sexual health in low-income, urban, African American communities without relying on formal structures.

This study has the potential to reshape the understanding of treatment success in cocaine addiction by highlighting the benefits of reduced use, rather than complete abstinence. The anticipated results could lead to changes in treatment protocols, influence policy, and ultimately improve the health and well-being of individuals with cocaine use disorder.

There is moderate evidence indicating that there is a delay in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery for pediatric patients with public insurance compared to those with private insurance.

This longitudinal study provides novel evidence linking aircraft noise exposure to obesity risk in U.S. women, with potential implications for environmental health policy and understanding mechanistic pathways between noise, metabolic health, and chronic disease. The conclusions highlight the importance of considering noise when assessing environmental determinants of obesity and cardiometabolic disease.

This study investigated the association between ambient air pollution and spontaneous abortion (SAB) incidence in North American couples trying to conceive. The study analyzed data from 4643 participants in the United States (U.S.) and 851 participants in Canada.

The results showed that higher concentrations of particulate matter 2.5 mm (PM2.5) were associated with a higher incidence of SAB in Canada, but not in the U.S. No significant associations were found between nitrogen dioxide (NO2) or ozone (O3) concentrations and SAB incidence.

The findings suggest that ambient PM2.5 exposure may increase the risk of SAB in Canada. However, further research is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms and to develop strategies for protecting pregnant individuals from air pollution.

Research seminar videos

Weren't able to attend or watch a College of Health Friday research seminar? Here's your chance to get caught up with the recordings from April. Not every seminar is recorded, so make sure to attend in-person if you can.

Be sure to check out the full lineup for Spring term.

Image
impoverished part of town

April 12

Growing up unequal: How poverty impacts child and adolescent well-being

Frank J. Elgar, PhD
Professor
Department of Equity, Ethics and Policy
School of Population and Global Health
McGill University

Co-Sponsored with the Human Development and Family Sciences Program

Events

Mark your calendars!

May 15 COH Reorganization

Learn more about the reorganization that resulted in the new OSU College of Health. Laurel Kincl, professor and associate dean of Academic and Faculty Affairs, will present "College of Health Reorganization," to the OSU Professional Faculty Leadership Association.

Join online 11 a.m. to noon, Wednesday, May 15.

Register

May 31 Gerontology Conference

The 47th Annual Gerontology Conference conference, “Healthy Aging-Friendly Communities: Connecting People and Places through Research and Practice,” will be held Friday, May 31, at the CH2M HILL Alumni Center on the OSU campus.

Gerontology professionals from across the country will present more than 25 educational aging-friendly topics for health and human service professionals and the public. Topics include the impact of social isolation, improving long-term care and support services, Oregon Psilocybin Services, and nutritional health for older adults.

View the full schedule and register.

May 29 Our Health& Transportation Noise

Learn how transportation noise affects your mental, emotional and long-term physical health at a town-hall style webcast with Assistant Professor Matthew Bozigar.

You’ll also hear about about a new OSU study mapping road noise in Portland, one of the first studies of its kind in the nation.

Join us online at 5:30 p.m., Wednesday, May 29.

Register for this upcoming “Our Health&” webcast.

June 4 Bray Health Leadership Lecture

Joshua M. Sharfstein, MD, will deliver the 2024 Bray Health Leadership Lecture titled "Public Health After the Pandemic: How Can We Do Better?" at 5 p.m. followed by a reception on Tuesday, June 4, in the MU Horizon Room.

Learn more about Dr. Sharfstein and register for this free lecture.