Oregon Poverty Measure

Poverty and Inequality Research Group

The Oregon Poverty Measure sheds new light on the demographics, geographic distribution, and living situations of the poor, and reveal new inequalities and opportunities to reduce poverty in Oregon.

The current source of most poverty data, the Official Poverty Measure (OPM), has many limitations. The OPM uses outdated thresholds and lacks ability to measure the influence of social policies and net taxes, therefore does not accurately represent the state of poverty in Oregon. Modeled after the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM), and using a combination of survey data (American Community Survey), state administrative data from the Department of Human Services and Employment Department, and data imputations, the new measure establishes a more valid measure of poverty in the state.

The Oregon Poverty Measure helps policymakers understand the extent of poverty. Measuring the influence of state policies on the poverty rate will help policymakers and others to evaluate their effectiveness. The ORPM sheds new light on the demographics, geographic distribution, and living situations of the poor, and reveal new inequalities and opportunities to reduce poverty in Oregon.

The project is funded by the Ford Family Foundation and the Providence Foundation.

 

Reports

Five-year findings from the Oregon Poverty Measure Project: 2014-2018

Released October 12, 2020

This new state-specific measure of poverty in Oregon aims to give policymakers a clearer understanding of who is most at risk of falling below the poverty line and highlights the contribution of public safety net programs.

  Report
A longer, traditional report

  Infographic
A brief 3-pager that summarizes the key findings

 

Initial one-year findings

April 2020

 

Presentations

Oregon Poverty Measure: New Insights into Poverty and the Safety Net

OSU Postdoctoral Symposium
October 2, 2020

 

Preliminary Findings from the Oregon Poverty Measure Project

Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Conference presentation
May 2019

 

The Oregon Poverty Measure: Creation and Preliminary Findings

February 22, 2019

David Rothwell, Ph.D., MSW,

In this seminar David describes a two-year project designed to develop a more valid measure of poverty in Oregon.

   Watch recording

   Presentation slides

Oregon Poverty Measure news and posts

 

October 13, 2020

New state-specific poverty measure offers more accurate counting of Oregon’s poor

Oregon State University researchers have developed a new state-specific measure of poverty in Oregon that aims to give policymakers a clearer understanding of who is most at risk of falling below the poverty line and highlights the contribution of public safety net programs. Read full press release at Synergies.

November 13, 2019

Child care and poverty

Several new stories in the media and an academic paper provide rationale for examining child care costs for our (1) Oregon Poverty Measure and (2) Paid parental leave projects. Read more.

May 1, 2019

The Poverty-Reducing Effect of Five Key Government Programs in Rural and Urban America

A new research report from the Carsey School of Public Policy uses the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) to examine five government programs combined— Social Security, disability benefits, federal and state cash assistance, the EITC, and SNAP. Read more.

 

Read all Oregon Poverty Measure posts