We are conducted several research studies examining the health impacts of air pollution.

 

Children's Health and Air Pollution Exposure in Texas

This research using a population-based birth cohort of ~5.2 million babies born in Texas between 1996 and 2009. We are examining associations between exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and birth weight, congenital anomalies and childhood cancer. Different sources of air pollution are being modelled, including ambient, traffic, and industrial sources (eg. emissions reported to the Toxic Release Inventory). The focus on this research is to refine exposure assessment methods for different sources of air pollution and conduct epidemiological analyses with a focus on informing and evaluating policies to reduce the health impacts of air pollution.

 

Air Pollution and Cancer

The International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified fine particulate matter air pollution as carcinogenic to humans.  Our research examines the risks posed by long-term exposure to fine particulate and traffic air pollution to lung cancer development as well as other cancer sites hypothesized to be associated with air pollution exposure. This research is being conducted using cohort and population-based case-control studies in Canada and Asia.

 

Air Pollution and Cardiopulmonary Disease

We are examining the impact of long-term exposure to air pollution on cardiovascular and respiratory disease within the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study. This is an international study of 155,000 individuals residing in 628 communities in 17 countries and 5 continents, with current follow-up completed for four years and continuing for another six years.

More information on the PURE-AIR research project can be found here: PURE-AIR

 

Representative Publications

  • Hystad, P., Demers, P., Johnson, K., Brauer, M. (2013). Long-Term Residential Exposure to Air Pollution and Lung Cancer Risk. Epidemiology. 24(5): 762-772. PMID: 23676262
  • Hystad P, Villeneuve PJ, Goldberg MS, Crouse DL, Johnson K, and the Canadian Cancer Registries Epidemiology Research Group. (2014). Exposure to traffic-related air pollution and the risk of developing breast cancer among women in eight Canadian provinces: a case-control study. Environment International. Accepted Sept 10, 2014.
  • Brauer, M., Reynolds, C., Hystad, P. (2013) Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Health in Canada Canadian Medical Association Journal. 185(18): 1557-1558. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.121568
  • Hystad, P., Demers, P., Johnson, K., Brauer, M. (2013). Long-Term Residential Exposure to Air Pollution and Lung Cancer Risk. Epidemiology. 24(5): 762-772. PMID: 23676262