TitleZinc Deficiency and Arsenic Exposure Can Act Both Independently or Cooperatively to Affect Zinc Status, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammatory Response.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsWong, CP, Dashner-Titus, EJ, Alvarez, SC, Chase, TT, Hudson, LG, Ho, E
JournalBiol Trace Elem Res
Volume191
Issue2
Pagination370-381
Date Published10/2019
ISSN1559-0720
Abstract
 

The negative health impact of zinc deficiency overlaps significantly with arsenic exposure, and is associated with increased risk for chronic diseases. Arsenic contamination in the groundwater often co-exists in regions of the world that are prone to zinc deficiency. Notably, low zinc status shares many hallmarks of arsenic exposure, including increased oxidative stress and inflammation. Despite their common targets and frequent co-distribution in the population, little is known regarding the interaction between zinc deficiency and arsenic exposure. In this study, we tested the effect of arsenic exposure at environmentally relevant doses in combination with a physiologically relevant level of zinc deficiency (marginal zinc deficiency) on zinc status, oxidative damage, and inflammation. In cell culture, zinc-deficient THP-1 monocytes co-exposed with arsenic resulted in further reduction in intracellular zinc, as well as further increase in oxidative stress and inflammatory markers. In an animal study, zinc-deficient mice had further decrease in zinc status when co-exposed to arsenic. Zinc deficiency, but not arsenic exposure, resulted in an increase in baseline transcript abundance of inflammatory markers in the liver. Upon lipopolysaccharide challenge to elicit an acute inflammatory response, arsenic exposure, but not zinc deficiency, resulted in an increase in proinflammatory response. In summary, zinc deficiency and arsenic exposure can function independently or cooperatively to affect zinc status, oxidant stress, and proinflammatory response. The results highlight the need to consider both nutritional status and arsenic exposures together when considering their impact on health outcomes in susceptible populations.

DOI10.1007/s12011-019-1631-z
Alternate JournalBiol Trace Elem Res
PubMed ID30635848
PubMed Central IDPMC6625954
Grant ListR01 CA182969 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
R21 ES023937 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
1R01ES021100 / NH / NIH HHS / United States
P30 ES000210 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
K12 GM088021 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
R01 ES021100 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States