TitleWhy are there race/ethnic differences in adult body mass index-adiposity relationships? A quantitative critical review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsHeymsfield, SB, Peterson, CM, Thomas, DM, Heo, M, Schuna, Jr, JM
JournalObesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Volume17
Issue3
Pagination262-75
Date Published2016 Mar
Abstract

Body mass index (BMI) is now the most widely used measure of adiposity on a global scale. Nevertheless, intense discussion centers on the appropriateness of BMI as a phenotypic marker of adiposity across populations differing in race and ethnicity. BMI-adiposity relations appear to vary significantly across race/ethnic groups, but a collective critical analysis of these effects establishing their magnitude and underlying body shape/composition basis is lacking. Accordingly, we systematically review the magnitude of these race-ethnic differences across non-Hispanic (NH) white, NH black and Mexican American adults, their anatomic body composition basis and potential biologically linked mechanisms, using both earlier publications and new analyses from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Our collective observations provide a new framework for critically evaluating the quantitative relations between BMI and adiposity across groups differing in race and ethnicity; reveal new insights into BMI as a measure of adiposity across the adult age-span; identify knowledge gaps that can form the basis of future research and create a quantitative foundation for developing BMI-related public health recommendations.

DOI10.1111/obr.12358