TitleWAVE~Ripples for Change Obesity Two-Year Intervention in High School Soccer Players: Process Evaluation, Best Practices, and Youth Engagement.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsMeng, Y, Wong, SSun, Manore, MM, Patton-Lopez, M
Date Published06/2018
KeywordsAdolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Benchmarking, Cooking, Diet, Healthy, Exercise, Feasibility Studies, Feeding Behavior, Female, Gardening, Health Behavior, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Health Promotion, Humans, Male, Motivation, Nutritional Status, Nutritive Value, Pediatric Obesity, Program Evaluation, School Health Services, Soccer, Sports Nutritional Sciences, Stakeholder Participation, Young Adult

This paper reports the process data on program fidelity, best practices for intervention implementation, youth and coach engagement, and youth application of knowledge and skills for the two-year WAVE~Ripples for Change (WAVE) obesity prevention intervention program focused on healthy eating, physical activity, and life skills with high school (HS) soccer players aged 14⁻19 years. Internal (staff: = 7; volunteers: = 27) and external (youth: = 100; coaches: = 9) stakeholders were interviewed/ surveyed. Staff rated program fidelity as high (94%), as did volunteers (85%). Best practices included coach encouragement for athlete participation, use of on-line consent for enrollment, building relationships with HS staff to complete assessments, sending text reminders, and providing incentives. Study results showed an enrollment rate of 72%, completion of baseline assessments of 89⁻98%, attendance of sports nutrition lessons in Year 1 and Year 2 of 90% and 39%, respectively, and team-building workshop (TBW) attendance of 25⁻31%. Activities exceeding youth expectations (>90%) included, (1) activities with their soccer team; (2) the TBW-cooking; and (3) sports nutrition lessons. The obesity prevention skills most applied by youth were obtained from the TBW-gardening and harvesting (49%), the TBW-cooking (43%), and sports nutrition lessons (44%). Coaches also rated the sports nutrition lessons highly and reported increased awareness for hydration/fueling during sport by the athletes. Using sport teams/clubs to engage youth in obesity prevention is a feasible model for future study.

Alternate JournalNutrients
PubMed ID29865179
PubMed Central IDPMC6024728