TitleUnderstanding health outcomes: Physical secondary conditions in people with spinal cord injury.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsSuzuki, R, Krahn, GL, McCarthy, MJ, Adams, EJ
JournalRehabilitation Psychology
Pagination338 - 350
Date Published2007

Objective: To examine the association of predisposing characteristics and enabling characteristics with physical secondary conditions through health practices and health care use in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Design: Cross-sectional survey mailed to adults in portions of the northeastern and northwestern United States. Participants: Two hundred seventy adults with SCI recruited through durable medical equipment supply companies. Main Outcome Measures: Self-reported health practices, health care use, and physical secondary conditions. Results: In the Andersen behavioral model, F increment tests supported findings that predisposing characteristics accounted for 12% of variance in secondary conditions, enabling characteristics accounted for 16%, and health practices and health care use accounted for another 13%. Path analysis revealed that health care use mediated self-efficacy and interpersonal support. Conclusions: Predisposing characteristics including self-efficacy, enabling characteristics, and health care use are associated with physical secondary conditions in complex ways. More research is needed on measures of health practices and their relation to secondary conditions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)