TitleSurvival of Recombinant Monoclonal Antibodies (IgG, IgA and sIgA) Versus Naturally-Occurring Antibodies (IgG and sIgA/IgA) in an Ex Vivo Infant Digestion Model.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsLueangsakulthai, J, Sah, BNath P, Scottoline, BP, Dallas, DC
Date Published02/2020

To prevent infectious diarrhea in infants, orally-supplemented enteric pathogen-specific recombinant antibodies would need to resist degradation in the gastrointestinal tract. Palivizumab, a recombinant antibody specific to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), was used as a model to assess the digestion of neutralizing antibodies in infant digestion. The aim was to determine the remaining binding activity of RSV F protein-specific monoclonal and naturally-occurring immunoglobulins (Ig) in different isoforms (IgG, IgA, and sIgA) across an ex vivo model of infant digestion. RSV F protein-specific monoclonal immunoglobulins (IgG, IgA, and sIgA) and milk-derived naturally-occurring Ig (IgG and sIgA/IgA) were exposed to an ex vivo model of digestion using digestive samples from infants (gastric and intestinal samples). The survival of each antibody was tested via an RSV F protein-specific ELISA. Ex vivo gastric and intestinal digestion degraded palivizumab IgG, IgA, and sIgA ( < 0.05). However, the naturally-occurring RSV F protein-specific IgG and sIgA/IgA found in human milk were stable across gastric and intestinal ex vivo digestion. The structural differences between recombinant and naturally-occurring antibodies need to be closely examined to guide future design of recombinant antibodies with increased stability for use in the gastrointestinal tract.

Alternate JournalNutrients
PubMed ID32120792
Grant ListOPP118364 / / Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation /