TitleThe Survey of the Health of Wisconsin: A Novel Population Health Research Infrastructure for Dissemination of Health Determinants and Outcomes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMalecki, KMC, LeCaire, TJ, F. Nieto, J, Peppard, PE
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Date Published01/2017


Describe the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin (SHOW, www.show.wisc.edu) a novel, state-of-the-art population health research infrastructure, in its tenth year of conducting household-based examination surveys from a general population sample of Wisconsin residents. It serves as a resource for improving population health through translational research and disseminating data for tracking priority determinants of health and health disparities in Wisconsin.


Modeled on NHANES, SHOW gathers both subjective interview and physical exam data as well as biological samples. Survey content incorporates a broad set of population health metrics following a social determinants of health framework, including contextual data of the community environment. In 2014, SHOW extended its reach by introducing counties into the sampling strategy, resulting in the capability for county-level estimates for those counties randomly selected to be in the survey.


Data on over 6,000 state residents are available to researchers and disseminated to a broad range of users through an interactive portal established in 2016 that provides access to trends at the state and regional levels for an expanding set of key health measures (www.show.wisc.edu/data/charts). SHOW data drives health monitoring, planning, prioritization and improvement with partners at the community, county, regional and state levels. The infrastructure also supports rigorous community-driven health assessments and affords SHOW to partner with a variety of stakeholders.


SHOW’s novel infrastructure and biorepository contribute to population health improvement in Wisconsin by serving as a unique resource available to students, public health practitioners, and health providers and investigators across multiple disciplines. It serves as a model for community based translational research and provides information regarding the potential reach and implementation of community-based interventions aimed at addressing determinants of pressing health conditions in the state and nationally.

Short TitleAnnals of Epidemiology