TitleSorting out the competing effects of acculturation, immigrant stress, and social support on depression: a report on Korean women in California.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsAyers, JW, C Hofstetter, R, Usita, P, Irvin, VL, Kang, S, Hovell, MF
JournalThe Journal of nervous and mental disease
Date Published2009 Oct
KeywordsUnited States

This research identifies stressors that correlate with depression, focusing on acculturation, among female Korean immigrants in California. Telephone interviews were conducted with female adults of Korean descent (N = 592) from a probability sample from 2006 to 2007. Sixty-five percent of attempted interviews were completed, of which over 90% were conducted in Korean. Analyses include descriptive reports, bivariate correlations, and structural equation modeling. Findings suggest that acculturation did not have a direct impact on depression and was not associated with social support. However, acculturation was associated with reduced immigrant stress which, in turn, was related to decreased levels of depression. Immigrant stress and social support were the principal direct influences on depression, mediating the effect for most other predictors. Stressful experiences associated with immigration may induce depressive feelings. Interventions should facilitate acculturation thereby reducing immigrant stress and expand peer networks to increase social support to assuage depression.