TitleA Social Ecological Model of Vulnerability and Resilience in Older Adults During the Covid-19 Pandemic
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsAldwin, C, Igarashi, H, Kurth, M, Lee, HSoo, Choun, S, Lee, D
JournalInnovation in Aging
Pagination131 - 132
Date Published12/2021

We used a social ecological model to examine vulnerability and resilience among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.

We analyzed two open-ended questions included in a survey of 235 respondents, 51–95 years old (M = 71.35; SD = 7.39; 74% female), which asked about COVID-19-related difficulties and positive experiences during the past week. We identified three different levels for difficulties and positives at the personal, interpersonal, and/or societal levels.

Fewer than half of the respondents reported on difficulties (41%) and positives (40%) just at the personal level. In terms of crossing levels, people were most likely to report events spanning the personal and interpersonal levels (14% and 18%, respectively). A few individuals reported difficulties and positives at the societal level.

Older individuals were acutely aware of challenges and positives existing at all three levels, and contributed to resources at the interpersonal and community levels.