TitleSmoking Among Hispanic/Latino Nationality Groups and Whites, Comparisons Between California and the United States.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsFelicitas-Perkins, JQ, Sakuma, K-L, Blanco, L, Fagan, P, Pérez-Stable, EJ, Bostean, G, Xie, B, Trinidad, DR
JournalNicotine Tob Res
Date Published08/2018
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, California, Cross-Sectional Studies, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Smokers, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Smoking Prevention, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States, Young Adult

Introduction: Although California is home to the largest Hispanic/Latino population, few studies have compared smoking behavior trends of Hispanic/Latino nationality groups in California to the remaining United States, which may identify the impact of the states antitobacco efforts on these groups. This study compared smoking status, frequency, and intensity among Mexican Americans, Central/South Americans, and non-Hispanic Whites in California to the remaining United States in the 1990s and 2000s.

Methods: Data were analyzed using the 1992-2011 Current Population Survey Tobacco Use Supplement to report the estimated prevalence of smoking status, frequency, and intensity by decade, race/ethnicity, and state residence. Weighted logistic regression explored sociodemographic factors associated with never and heavy smoking (≥20 cigarettes per day).

Results: There were absolute overall increases from 6.8% to 9.6% in never smoking across all groups. Compared to the remaining United States, there was a greater decrease in heavy smoking among Mexican American current smokers in California (5.1%) and a greater increase in light and intermittent smokers among Central/South American current smokers in California (9.3%) between decades. Compared to those living in the remaining United States, smokers living in California had lower odds of heavy smoking (1990s: odds ratio [OR] = 0.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.62, 0.66; 2000s: 0.54, 95% CI = 0.52, 0.55).

Conclusions: California state residence significantly impacted smoking behaviors as indicated by significant differences in smoking intensity between California and the remaining United States among Hispanic/Latino nationality groups. Understanding smoking behaviors across Hispanic/Latino nationality groups in California and the United States can inform tobacco control and smoking prevention strategies for these groups.

Implications: The present study explored the differences in smoking behaviors between Whites, Mexican Americans, and Central South/Americans living in California versus the rest of the United States in the 1990s and the 2000s. The results contribute to our current knowledge as there have been minimal efforts to provide disaggregated cigarette consumption information among Hispanic/Latino nationality groups. Additionally, by comparing cigarette consumption between those in California and the remaining United States, our data may provide insight into the impact of California's antitobacco efforts in reaching Hispanic/Latino subpopulations relative to the remaining US states, many of which have had less tobacco control policy implementation.

Alternate JournalNicotine Tob. Res.
PubMed ID29059350
PubMed Central IDPMC6093426
Grant ListP2C HD041022 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U54 CA153499 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States