|Title||Sleep problems and risk of cancer incidence and mortality in an older cohort: The Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS).|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||Sillah, A, Watson, NF, Peters, U, Biggs, ML, F. Nieto, J, Li, CI, Gozal, D, Thornton, T, Barrie, S, Phipps, AI|
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems (SP) can indicate underlying sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea, which may adversely impact cancer risk and mortality.
METHODS: We assessed the association of baseline and longitudinal sleep apnea and insomnia symptoms with incident cancer (N = 3930) and cancer mortality (N = 4580) in the Cardiovascular Health Study. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to calculate adjusted hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) to evaluate the associations.
RESULTS: Overall, 885 incident cancers and 804 cancer deaths were identified over a median follow-up of 12 and 14 years, respectively. Compared to participants who reported no sleep apnea symptoms, the risk of incident cancer was inversely associated [(HR (95%CI)] with snoring [0.84 (0.71, 0.99)]. We noted an elevated prostate cancer incidence for apnea [2.34 (1.32, 4.15)] and snoring [1.69 (1.11, 2.57)]. We also noted an elevated HR for lymphatic or hematopoietic cancers [daytime sleepiness: 1.81 (1.06, 3.08)]. We found an inverse relationship for cancer mortality with respect to snoring [0.73 (0.62, 0.8)] and apnea [(0.69 (0.51, 0.94))]. We noted a significant inverse relationship between difficulty falling asleep and colorectal cancer death [0.32 (0.15, 0.69)] and snoring with lung cancer death [0.56 (0.35, 0.89)].
CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between SP and cancer risk and mortality was heterogeneous. Larger prospective studies addressing more cancer sites, molecular type-specific associations, and better longitudinal SP assessments are needed for improved delineation of SP-cancer risk dyad.
|Alternate Journal||Cancer Epidemiol|