|Title||Sex comparison of hamstring structural and material properties.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||J Blackburn, T, Bell, DR, Norcross, MF, Hudson, JD, Kimsey, MH|
|Journal||Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon)|
|Date Published||2009 Jan|
Musculotendinous stiffness provides an estimate of resistance to joint perturbation, thus contributing to joint stability. Females demonstrate lesser hamstring stiffness than males, potentially contributing to the sex discrepancy in anterior cruciate ligament injury risk. However, it is unclear if the sex difference in hamstring stiffness is due to differences in muscle size or to inherent/material properties of the musculotendinous unit. It was hypothesized that hamstring stiffness, stress, strain, and elastic modulus would be greater in males than in females, and that hamstring stiffness would be positively correlated with muscle size.