TitleSclerostin and Dickkopf-1 in renal osteodystrophy.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsCejka, D, Herberth, J, Branscum, AJ, Fardo, DW, Monier-Faugere, M-C, Diarra, D, Haas, M, Malluche, HH
JournalClinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN
Date Published2011 Apr
KeywordsRenal Osteodystrophy

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The serum proteins sclerostin and Dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) are soluble inhibitors of canonical wnt signaling and were recently identified as components of parathyroid hormone (PTH) signal transduction. This study investigated the associations between sclerostin and Dkk-1 with histomorphometric parameters of bone turnover, mineralization, and volume in stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis (CKD-5D). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: In a cross-sectional study, 60 CKD-5D patients underwent bone biopsies followed by histomorphometry. Levels of sclerostin, Dkk-1, and intact PTH (iPTH) were determined in blood. RESULTS: Serum levels of sclerostin and iPTH correlated negatively. In unadjusted analyses, sclerostin correlated negatively with histomorphometric parameters of turnover, osteoblastic number, and function. In adjusted analyses, sclerostin remained a strong predictor of parameters of bone turnover and osteoblast number. An observed correlation between sclerostin and cancellous bone volume was lost in regression analyses. Sclerostin was superior to iPTH for the positive prediction of high bone turnover and number of osteoblasts. In contrast, iPTH was superior to sclerostin for the negative prediction for high bone turnover and had similar predictive values than sclerostin for the number of osteoblasts. Serum levels of Dkk-1 did not correlate with iPTH or with any histomorphometric parameter. CONCLUSIONS: Our data describe a promising role for serum measurements of sclerostin in addition to iPTH in the diagnosis of high bone turnover in CKD-5D patients, whereas measurements of Dkk-1 do not seem to be useful for this purpose.