TitleRole of sport medicine professionals in addressing psychosocial aspects of sport-injury rehabilitation: professional athletes' views.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsArvinen-Barrow, M, Massey, WV, Hemmings, B
JournalJ Athl Train
Date Published12/2014
KeywordsAdult, Athletes, Athletic Injuries, Consumer Behavior, Emotions, Football, Humans, Male, Motivation, Professional Role, Professional-Patient Relations, Rehabilitation, Self Concept, Social Perception, Sports Medicine

CONTEXT: Research from the sport medicine professional's (SMP's) perspective indicates that SMPs are often required to address psychosocial aspects of injuries during treatment. However, only a few authors have investigated injured athletes' experiences with these concerns.

OBJECTIVE: To explore injured professional athletes' views on the role of SMPs in the psychosocial aspects of sport-injury rehabilitation. Design : Qualitative study.

SETTING: Professional association football and rugby union clubs.

PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Ten professional, male football (n = 4; 40%) and rugby union (n = 6; 60%) players (age = 22.4 ± 3.4 years). Data Collection and Analysis : We collected data using a semistructured interview guide, and the data were then transcribed and analyzed following the interpretative phenomenological analysis guidelines. We peer reviewed and triangulated the established emergent themes to establish trustworthiness.

RESULTS: Athletes in our study viewed injuries as "part and parcel" of their sports. Despite normalizing sport injuries, athletes reported frequent feelings of frustration and self-doubt throughout the rehabilitation process. However, athletes' perceived the role of SMPs in injury rehabilitation as addressing physical concerns; any intervention aimed at psychosocial outcomes (eg, motivation, confidence) needed to be subtle and indirect.

CONCLUSIONS: The SMPs working with injured athletes need to understand the psychosocial principles that underpin athletes' sport-injury processes and the effect psychosocial reactions can have on athletes. Moreover, SMPs must understand the self-regulatory processes that may take place throughout injury rehabilitation and be able to apply psychological principles in natural and subtle ways to aid athletes' self-regulatory abilities.

Alternate JournalJ Athl Train
PubMed ID25243737
PubMed Central IDPMC4264648