TitleRelational victimization and peer affiliate prosocial behaviors in African American adolescents: Moderating effects of gender and antisocial behavior.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsRusby, JC, Mason, M, Gau, JM, Westling, E, Light, JM, Mennis, J, Zaharakis, NM, Flay, BR
JournalJ Adolesc
Date Published01/2019

INTRODUCTION: Experiencing relational victimization (e.g., peer exclusion, untrue rumors) during adolescence can have negative social-emotional consequences, including increased antisocial behavior and substance use. The negative impact of relational victimization may be lessened by spending time with supportive, prosocial peers.

METHODS: This study examined the concurrent and predictive associations between relational victimization and peer affiliates' prosocial behaviors in 244 predominately African American adolescents (ages 13-14) living in U.S. urban neighborhoods. Questionnaires were collected every six months for two years. Overt victimization was controlled for in the analysis and the moderation of gender and antisocial behaviors were tested.

RESULTS: Peer affiliates' prosocial behavior was stable across the two years. Relational victimization was not associated with peers' prosocial behavior at baseline or across time. Gender did not moderate the association between relational victimization and peers' prosocial behavior. Moderating effects were found for antisocial behavior; relational victimization was positively associated with peer affiliates' prosocial behavior but only for adolescents who were low on antisocial behavior at baseline.

CONCLUSIONS: For African American youth, efforts to reduce relational aggression and increase peer support in prosocial activities prior to adolescence may be useful for preventing social-emotional problems.

Alternate JournalJ Adolesc
PubMed ID30654276