TitleQuantitative Analysis of Antibody Survival across the Infant Digestive Tract Using Mass Spectrometry with Parallel Reaction Monitoring.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsKim, BJin, Lueangsakulthai, J, Sah, BNath P, Scottoline, B, Dallas, DC
Date Published06/2020

Orally delivered antibodies may be useful for the prevention of enteric pathogen infection, but to be effective they need to survive intact across digestion through the gastrointestinal tract. As a test case, we fed a recombinant human antibody, palivizumab, spiked into human milk to four infants and collected gastric, intestinal and stool samples. We identified a tryptic peptide from palivizumab (LLIYDTSK) that differs from all endogenous human antibodies and used this for quantitation of the intact palivizumab. To account for dilution by digestive fluids, we co-fed a non-digestible, non-absorbable molecule-polyethylene glycol 28-quantified it in each sample and used this value to normalize the observed palivizumab concentration. The palivizumab peptide, a stable isotope-labeled synthetic peptide and polyethylene glycol 28 were quantified via a highly sensitive and selective parallel-reaction monitoring approach using nano-liquid chromatography/Orbitrap mass spectrometry. On average, the survival of intact palivizumab from the feed to the stomach, upper small intestine and stool were 88.4%, 30.0% and 5.2%, respectively. This approach allowed clear determination of the extent to which palivizumab was degraded within the infant digestive tract. This method can be applied with some modifications to study the digestion of any protein.

Alternate JournalFoods
PubMed ID32526824
Grant ListOPP1183649 / / Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation /