TitlePolyunsaturated fatty acids inhibit S14 gene transcription in rat liver and cultured hepatocytes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsJump, DB, Clarke, SD, MacDougald, O, Thelen, A
JournalProc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Date Published1993 Sep 15
KeywordsAdipose Tissue, Animals, Base Sequence, Cells, Cultured, Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase, Epididymis, Fish Oils, Gene Expression Regulation, Kinetics, Liver, Male, Molecular Sequence Data, Nuclear Proteins, Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Oligonucleotides, Antisense, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Biosynthesis, Proteins, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Recombinant Proteins, RNA, Messenger, Sequence Deletion, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic, Transfection, Triolein

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been shown to have significant effects on hepatic lipogenic gene expression. The S14 gene has been used as a model to examine the effects of PUFAs on hepatic lipogenic gene expression. In vivo studies showed that feeding rats a high carbohydrate diet containing menhaden oil rapidly (within hours) and significantly (> or = 50%) attenuates hepatic S14 gene transcription and S14 mRNA abundance. The suppressive effect of menhaden oil was both gene and tissue specific. The effect of PUFAs on expression of the S14 mRNA and a transfected S14 fusion gene (i.e., S14CAT4.3) was examined in cultured hepatocytes in the presence of triiodothyronine (T3), insulin, dexamethasone, and albumin under serum-free conditions. Whereas T3 stimulated both S14 mRNA (> 40-fold) and S14CAT4.3 (> 100-fold), eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5 omega 3) significantly attenuated (> or = 80%) both S14 mRNA and S14CAT activity in a dose-dependent fashion. The effects of C20:5 on hepatocyte gene expression were both gene and fatty acid specific. Deletion analysis of transfected S14CAT fusion genes indicated that the S14 thyroid hormone response element (at -2.5 to -2.9 kb) was not sensitive to C20:5 control. The cis-linked PUFA response elements were localized to a region within the S14 proximal promoter (at -80 to -220 bp). This region also contains cis-acting elements that potentiate T3 activation of S14 gene transcription. These studies suggest that C20:5 (or its metabolites) regulates factors within the S14 proximal promoter region that are important for T3 activation of S14 gene transcription.

Alternate JournalProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PubMed ID8378318
PubMed Central IDPMC47375
Grant ListR01 DK043220 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK43320 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States