TitleParenting Practices and Adolescents’ Eating Behaviors in African American Families
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsMonroe-Lord, L, Jones, BL, Richards, R, Reicks, M, Gunther, C, Banna, J, Topham, GL, Anderson, A, Lora, KR, Wong, SS, Ballejos, M, Hopkins, L, Ardakani, A
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Date Published12/2021

Parents play an important role in developing the eating behaviors of their children by adopting specific parenting practices. As the prevalence of obesity is high amongst African American adolescents, investigations into associations of specific parenting practices and adolescents’ eating behaviors are essential. In this exploratory study, 14 African American parent–adolescent dyads were interviewed to characterize the influence of eight different parenting practices on the consumption of three main food categories (dairy, fruits and vegetables, and unhealthy snacks). The results revealed that authoritarian parenting practices were correlated with a higher BMI percentile in adolescents, whereas modeling and monitoring are correlated with a higher parent BMI. In addition, reasoning, monitoring, modeling, and authoritative parenting practices were associated with less unhealthy snack consumption among adolescents. Reasoning and monitoring were the only parenting practices associated with higher fruit and vegetable consumption. Finally, a significant correlation was found between eating fruits and vegetables and unhealthy snacks and the location of eating. In conclusion, different parenting practices and environmental factors may impact BMI and food consumption of African American dyads. The results of this study can be used to guide improvement in, and/or development of, nutritional education interventions considering the cultural differences of racial minorities.

Short TitleIJERPH