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|Title||"The Pain Doesn't Have to Control You." A Qualitative Evaluation of Three Pain Clinics Teaching Nonopioid Pain Management Strategies.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Braverman, MT, Volmar, KM, Govier, DJ|
|Journal||Am J Health Promot|
PURPOSE: To explore factors related to effectiveness of nonpharmacological treatment for opioid-dependent patients suffering with chronic pain.
APPROACH: A qualitative study incorporating individual interviews and focus group interviews.
SETTING: 3 rural Oregon nonopioid pain management clinics.
INTERVENTION: A 10-week nonpharmacological educational program incorporating cognitive-behavioral therapy, movement therapy, mindfulness, and other skills.
PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Across sites, we conducted 9 individual interviews with clinic staff and 3 focus group interviews with 34 patients who had participated in the course. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes within and across respondent groups.
RESULTS: Analysis revealed 4 primary themes: program goals; program benefits; characteristics of patients who benefit from the program; coordination of clinic experiences with other care. Several primary findings can be highlighted. The clinics focused on improving patients' quality of life, while opioid use reduction was a potential secondary benefit, driven by patients. Major program benefits included enhanced pain self-management skills, patients' greater assertiveness in communications with healthcare providers, and, in numerous cases, opioid use reduction. Participants were unanimous that predisposition toward active self-management of one's pain was an essential factor for positive outcomes. Patients reported considerable variability in providers' understanding of their clinic participation.
CONCLUSION: Nonpharmacological approaches for treating chronic pain can be effective for many patients. Clinics teaching these approaches should be more fully integrated into the healthcare system.
|Alternate Journal||Am J Health Promot|