|Title||Overnight sleep duration and obesity in 2-5 year-old American Indian children.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Ingram, DG, Irish, LA, Tomayko, EJ, Prince, RJ, Cronin, KA, Parker, T, Kim, K, Carmichael, L, Grant, VM, Sheche, JN, Adams, AK|
BACKGROUND: Sleep has emerged as a potentially modifiable risk factor for obesity in children.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the association between overnight sleep duration and obesity among American Indian (AI) children ages 2-5 years.
METHODS: Data were examined from the baseline assessment of children enrolling in the Healthy Children, Strong Families study, which is a randomized lifestyle intervention trial in five diverse rural and urban AI communities nationally among children ages 2-5 years. Multivariable models were built to assess the relationship between sleep duration and BMI z-score while controlling for potential sociodemographic and behavioural covariates.
RESULTS: Three hundred and ninety-eight children had sufficient data to be included in analysis. In multivariable models controlling for potential covariates, overnight sleep duration was significantly and inversely associated with BMI z-score (B = -0.158, t = -1.774, P = 0.006). Similarly, when controlling for covariates, children who slept 12 or more hours had significantly lower BMI z-scores compared with those who slept 8 to 10 h (P = 0.018) or less than 8 h (P = 0.035); the difference between 12+ hours and 10 to 12-h groups did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.073) but supported a linear relationship between overnight sleep duration and BMI. Weekday-to-weekend variability in overnight sleep duration was not associated with BMI z-score (B = 0.010, t = 0.206, P = 0.837).
CONCLUSIONS: Overnight sleep duration is independently and inversely related to BMI z-score among AI children ages 2-5 years, even when controlling for important sociodemographic and obesogenic lifestyle factors. This represents the first report, to our knowledge, of sleep duration as a risk factor for obesity among AI children.
|Alternate Journal||Pediatr Obes|
|Grant List||R01 HL114912 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States|