TitleA new paradigm for quarantine and public health activities at land borders: opportunities and challenges.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsWaterman, SH, Escobedo, M, Wilson, T, Edelson, PJ, Bethel, JW, Fishbein, DB
JournalPublic health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974)
Date Published2009 Mar-Apr
KeywordsUnited States

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Quarantine Stations at Ports of Entry: Protecting the Public's Health focused almost exclusively on U.S. airports and seaports, which served 106 million entries in 2005. IOM concluded that the primary function of these quarantine stations (QSs) should shift from providing inspection to providing strategic national public health leadership. The large expanse of our national borders, large number of crossings, sparse federal resources, and decreased regulation regarding conveyances crossing these borders make land borders more permeable to a variety of threats. To address the health challenges related to land borders, the QSs serving such borders must assume unique roles and partnerships to achieve the strategic leadership and public health research roles envisioned by the IOM. In this article, we examine how the IOM recommendations apply to the QSs that serve the land borders through which more than 319 million travelers, immigrants, and refugees entered the U.S. in 2005.