TitleMuscle Dysmorphia Symptoms and Their Relationships to Self-concept and Negative Affect Among College Recreational Exercisers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsEbbeck, V, Watkins, PLou, Concepcion, RY, Cardinal, BJ, Hammermeister, J
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Pagination262 - 275
Date Published08/2009

This study explored the nature of the relationship between muscle dysmorphia symptoms and self-concept as well as negative affect variables. Female (n = 183) and male (n = 103) college students completed a packet of questionnaires. Data were analyzed using canonical correlation analyses and revealed significant relationships between the sets of variables. Specifically, the variance explained by muscle dysmorphia symptoms in self-concept and negative affect variables was greater than the variance explained in muscle dysmorphia symptoms by self-concept and negative affect. Perceived body attractiveness and social physique anxiety were the individual variables that predominantly contributed to the multivariate relationships.