TitleModerate And Vigorous Intensity Walking Cadence (Steps/min) Thresholds In 41-60 Year Old Adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsTudor-Locke, C, Aguiar, EJ, Ducharme, SW, Moore, CC, Schuna, Jr, JM, Barreira, TV, Chipkin, SR, Staudenmayer, J
JournalMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Pagination294 - 295
Date Published01/2018

Wrist-worn activity monitors have been widely used to measure heart rates, step counts, and/or calories. While the versatility of altering the wearing locations (i.e., left vs. right; distal vs. proximal) may prove appealing, the influence of monitor placement on the outcome measurements needs to be examined.

PURPOSE: This study was to examine the difference in measurements of heart rates, step counts, and calories estimated from the Fitbit monitors worn at different locations.

METHODS: Thirty-two healthymale and female, aged 26.03 ± 6.59 years, participated in this study. Participants wore Fitbit monitors at four different locations [Right Proximal (RP), Right Distal (RD), Left Proximal (LP), Left Distal (LD)]. Lab testing consisted of four 5-min phases:slow and brisk walking and jogging at 53.6, 107.3, 160.9 m/min on a treadmill and a recovery. Free living activities involved ten 5-min activities with different intensity levels (e.g., stretching, climbing stairs, jogging). Heart rates, step counts, and calories were recorded during various activities. Repeated measures ANOVAs were performed with a monitor placement as a within-subjects factor on 14 lab and free-living activities for each outcome measurement. Bonferroni technique was used to adjust the alpha level of .004 (.05/14). The Greenhouse-Geisser (G-G) adjusted F and degrees of freedom were reported.

RESULTS: Overall, there were no significant differences in measurements of heart rates, step counts, and calories estimated from the four Fitbit monitors during the lab activities. In free-living activities, step counts were significantly different during climbing stairs, F(2.86, 88.76) = 5.16, G-G p = .003 and sports, F(1.24, 38.40) = 27.93, G-G p< .001. Step counts estimated from LD (446 ± 49) were significantly higher than Fitbit monitors worn at RP (413 ± 61) and RD (417 ± 49) when climbing stairs. Fitbit monitors worn at LP (649 ± 64) and LD (642 ± 70) estimated significantly higher step counts than Fitbit monitors worn at RP (587 ± 75) and RD (565± 73) as participated in sports.

CONCLUSION: This study revealed that monitor placement does not make a significant influence on the measurements of heart rates and calories during the lab and free-living settings. Further studies on the impact of monitor placement against criterion measures are warranted.

Short TitleMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise