TitleMaternal arsenic exposure associated with low birth weight in Bangladesh.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsHuyck, KL, Kile, ML, Mahiuddin, G, Quamruzzaman, Q, Rahman, M, Breton, CV, Dobson, CB, Frelich, J, Hoffman, E, Yousuf, J, Afroz, S, Islam, S, Christiani, DC
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Date Published2007 Oct
KeywordsWater Supply

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the effects of maternal arsenic exposure on birth weight. METHODS: Hair, toenail, and drinking water samples were collected from pregnant women (n = 52) at multiple time points during pregnancy and from their newborns after birth. Total arsenic was measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The association between arsenic and birth weight was investigated using linear and logistic regression models. RESULTS: Maternal hair arsenic measured early in pregnancy was associated with decreased birth weight (beta = -193.5 +/- 90.0 g, P = 0.04). Maternal hair and drinking water arsenic levels measured at first prenatal visit were significantly correlated with newborn hair arsenic level (rho = 0.32, P = 0.04 and rho = 0.31, P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that maternal arsenic exposure early in pregnancy negatively affects newborn birth weight and that maternal hair provides the best integrated measure of arsenic exposure.