TitleLongitudinal Latent Cognitive Profiles and Psychosocial Well-being in Early Adolescence.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsZilanawala, A, Sacker, A, Kelly, Y
JournalJ Adolesc Health
Volume61
Issue4
Pagination493-500
Date Published10/2017
ISSN1879-1972
KeywordsAchievement, Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Adult, Alcohol Drinking, Cognition, Female, Health Status, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Mental Status and Dementia Tests, Psychology, Adolescent, Risk-Taking, Self Efficacy, Smoking, Socioeconomic Factors, United Kingdom
Abstract
 

PURPOSE: Engaging in exploratory risky behaviors and experiencing poor mental health during early adolescence are important markers for poor health during adulthood. Prior research suggests protective effects from cognition, but less is known about the associations between early childhood cognition and early adolescent psychosocial well-being, as identified by self-esteem, mental health, and exploratory risky behaviors. This article investigates the extent that early adolescent psychosocial well-being at the age of 11 years is associated with patterns of cognitive skills measured across the first decade of a child's life.

METHODS: We used data collected from the four follow-up sweeps of the UK Millennium Cohort Study and utilized latent profile analysis to identify three discernible cognitive profiles (n = 16,899).

RESULTS: We find cohort members in low-achieving profiles to be more likely to engage in exploratory risky behaviors-drinking, smoking, and antisocial conduct-and to have poor self-esteem and more problem behaviors, compared with their peers in high-achieving profiles. Socioeconomic and family psychosocial markers considerably attenuated these disadvantages.

CONCLUSIONS: Understanding which adolescents have adverse psychosocial well-being has implications for the prevention of chronic diseases and for clinical care and policy.

DOI10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.05.008
Alternate JournalJ Adolesc Health
PubMed ID28732718