TitleLong-Acting Reversible Contraception Counseling and Use for Older Adolescents and Nulliparous Women.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGibbs, SE, Rocca, CH, Bednarek, P, Thompson, KMJ, Darney, PD, Harper, CC
JournalJ Adolesc Health
Date Published12/2016
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Directive Counseling, Family Planning Services, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Intention to Treat Analysis, Long-Acting Reversible Contraception, Parity, Pregnancy, Pregnancy in Adolescence, Proportional Hazards Models, United States, Young Adult

PURPOSE: The majority of pregnancies during adolescence are unintended, and few adolescents use long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) due in part to health care providers' misconceptions about nulliparous women's eligibility for the intrauterine device. We examined differences in LARC counseling, selection, and initiation by age and parity in a study with a provider's LARC training intervention.

METHODS: Sexually active women aged 18-25 years receiving contraceptive counseling (n = 1,500) were enrolled at 20 interventions and 20 control clinics and followed for 12 months. We assessed LARC counseling and selection, by age and parity, with generalized estimated equations with robust standard errors. We assessed LARC use over 1 year with Cox proportional hazards models with shared frailty for clustering.

RESULTS: Women in the intervention had increased LARC counseling, selection, and initiation, with similar effects among older adolescent and nulliparous women, and among young adult and parous women. Across study arms, older adolescents were as likely as young adults to receive LARC counseling (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = .85; 95% confidence interval [CI]: .63-1.15), select LARC (aOR = .86; 95% CI: .64-1.17), and use LARC methods (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = .94; 95% CI: .69-1.27). Nulliparous women were less likely to receive counseling (aOR = .57; 95% CI: .42-.79) and to select LARC (aOR = .53; 95% CI: .37-.75) than parous women, and they initiated LARC methods at lower rates (aHR = .65; 95% CI: .48-.90). Nulliparous women had similar rates of implant initiation but lower rates of intrauterine device initiation (aHR = .59; 95% CI: .41-.85).

CONCLUSIONS: Continued efforts should be made to improve counseling and access to LARC methods for nulliparous women of all ages.

Alternate JournalJ Adolesc Health
PubMed ID27665153
Grant ListK12 HD052163 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States