TitleLimited access to special education services for school-aged children with developmental delay.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsTwardzik, E, Smit, E, Hatfield, BE, Odden, MC, Dixon-Ibarra, A, Macdonald, M
JournalRes Dev Disabil
Date Published2018 Jan

BACKGROUND: Current policy in Oregon limits eligibility of children diagnosed with developmental delay for school-based services. Due to eligibility definitions, children with developmental delay may face additional barriers transitioning from early intervention/early childhood special education into school-based special education services.

AIMS: Examine the relationship between enrollment in school-based special education programs given a change in primary disability diagnosis.

METHODS: Logistic regression models were fit for children who enrolled in early intervention/early childhood special education services with a primary disability diagnosis of developmental delay and changed primary disability diagnosis before third grade (n=5076).

RESULTS: Odds of enrollment in future special education were greater in children with a change in primary disability diagnosis after the age of five in comparison to children that had a change in primary disability diagnosis before the age of five, while adjusting for demographic characteristics (adjusted odds ratio: 2.37, 95% CI 1.92, 2.92).

CONCLUSION: Results suggest that children who are diagnosed with a developmental delay and exit early childhood special education due to maximum age of eligibility are more likely to enroll in special education compared to children without a gap in service access.

IMPLICATIONS: Gaps in service access during early development are associated with the need for supportive services later on in life.

Alternate JournalRes Dev Disabil
PubMed ID29227958