TitleKidney function and markers of inflammation in elderly persons without chronic kidney disease: the health, aging, and body composition study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsKeller, CR, Odden, MC, Fried, LF, Newman, AB, Angleman, S, Green, CA, Cummings, SR, Harris, TB, Shlipak, MG
JournalKidney international
Date Published2007 Feb
KeywordsTumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

Inflammatory markers are elevated in persons with estimated glomerular filtration rates less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2. As cystatin C may detect small changes in kidney function not detected by estimated glomerular filtration rate, we evaluated the association between cystatin C and serum markers of inflammation in older adults with estimated glomerular filtration rate >or=60. This is an analysis using measures from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study, a cohort of well-functioning adults aged 70-79 years. Cystatin C correlated with all five inflammatory biomarkers: C-reactive protein (r=0.08), interleukin-6 (r=0.19), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) (r=0.41), soluble TNF receptor 1 (STNF-R1) (r=0.61), and soluble TNF receptor 2 (STNF-R2) (r=0.54); P<0.0005 for all. In adjusted analyses, cystatin C concentrations appeared to have stronger associations with each biomarker compared with estimated glomerular filtration rate or serum creatinine. Participants with a cystatin C>or=1.0 mg/l had significantly higher levels of all five biomarkers compared to those with a cystatin C<1.0 (mean differences ranging 16-29%, all P<0.05). Cystatin C has a linear association with inflammatory biomarkers in an ambulatory elderly cohort with estimated glomerular filtration rates >or=60; associations are particularly strong with TNF-alpha and the STNF-R.