|Title||Intratrunk Coordination During High-Effort Treadmill Running in Individuals With Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Li, Y, Kakar, RS, Walker, MA, Fu, Y-C, Oswald, TS, Brown, CN, Simpson, KJ|
|Journal||J Appl Biomech|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Adult, Biomechanical Phenomena, Case-Control Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Running, Scoliosis, Spinal Fusion, Torso|
The purpose of the study was to determine if the intratrunk coordination of axial rotation exhibited by individuals with spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (SF-AIS) during running varies from healthy individuals and how the coordination differs among adjacent trunk-segment pairs. Axial rotations of trunk segments (upper, middle, lower trunk) and pelvis were collected for 11 SF-AIS participants and 11 matched controls during running. Cross-correlation determined the phase lag between the adjacent segment motions. The coupling angle was generated using the vector coding method and classified into 1 of the 4 major, modified coordination patterns: in-phase, anti-phase, superior, and inferior phase. Two-way, mixed-model ANCOVA was employed to test phase lag, cross-correlation r, and time spent in each major coordination pattern. A significantly lower phase lag for SF-AIS was observed compared with controls. Qualitatively, there was a tendency that SF-AIS participants spent less time in anti-phase for middle-lower trunk and lower trunk-pelvis coordinations compared to controls. Phase lag and anti-phase time was significantly increased from cephalic to caudal segment pairs, regardless of group. In conclusion, SF-AIS participants and controls displayed similar patterns of intra-trunk coordination; however, the spinal fusion hindered decoupling of intra-trunk motions particularly between the lower trunk-pelvic motion.
|Alternate Journal||J Appl Biomech|