TitleInsulin rapidly induces rat liver S14 gene transcription.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1990
AuthorsJump, DB, Bell, A, Lepar, G, Hu, D
JournalMol Endocrinol
Date Published1990 Nov
KeywordsAnimals, Cyclic AMP, Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental, Fructose, Gene Expression Regulation, Insulin, Kinetics, Liver, Male, Nuclear Proteins, Protein Biosynthesis, Proteins, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, RNA, Messenger, Streptozocin, Theophylline, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic

We evaluated the role insulin plays in the regulation of hepatic S14 gene transcription using the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat model. Nuclear run-on activity and mRNAS14 levels were reduced by more than 85% in diabetic rats compared to those in intact animals. After the administration of insulin, both S14 run-on activity and mRNAS14 levels were rapidly induced. Within 1 h of insulin administration, S14 run-on activity and mRNAS14 were induced 5- and 8-fold, respectively. S14 gene expression was restored to intact levels within 4 h, with overall increases in run-on activity and mRNAS14 of 7- and 20-fold, respectively. The full induction of mRNAS14 cannot be accounted for solely by activation of S14 gene transcription, implicating insulin effects at the posttranscriptional level. However, our results show that the principal target for insulin action on the S14 gene is transcriptional. Administration of dibutryl cAMP and theophylline fully blocked the insulin-mediated increase in S14 gene transcription, indicating that hepatic cAMP levels play a dominant negative role in regulating S14 gene transcription in vivo. Fructose administration to starved diabetic rats induced only a marginal 60% increase in mRNAS14 and S14 run-on activity within 4 h, while insulin plus fructose or insulin plus glucose fully restored S14 gene expression to intact levels within the same time period. Thus, dietary fructose or a metabolite generated from fructose alone cannot induce S14 gene transcription or mRNAS14 to intact levels in the starved diabetic rat. Acute effects of dietary carbohydrate on hepatic S14 gene transcription are insulin dependent.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Alternate JournalMol. Endocrinol.
PubMed ID2177838
Grant ListGM-36851 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States