TitleThe impact of a multi-component physical activity programme in low-income elementary schools
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMassey, WV, Stellino, MB, Holliday, M, Godbersen, T, Rodia, R, Kucher, G, Wilkison, M
JournalHealth Education Journal
Volume76
Issue5
Pagination517 - 530
Date Published11/2017
ISSN0017-8969
Abstract
 

Objective:

To identify the effects of a structured and multifaceted physical activity and recess intervention on student and adult behaviour in school.

Design:

Mixed-methods and community-based participatory approach.

Setting:

Large, urban, low-income school district in the USA.

Methods:

Data were collected at three time points over a 1-year period. Sources included recess observations at four elementary schools, in-class behavioural observations of fifth-grade students (n = 21) and focus groups with fourth- and fifth-grade students (n = 75).

Results:

Results suggested an increased amount of positive interactions between adults and students and a decreased amount of conflict in the playground post intervention. Results also suggested that a peer-leadership training programme had beneficial effects on students’ classroom behaviour.

Conclusion:

Results from this study provide evidence that school recess can be used to teach social–emotional competencies that can impact student behaviour during recess and in the classroom.

DOI10.1177/0017896917700681
Short TitleHealth Education Journal