|Title||The impact of Medicaid expansion on asthma-related health care services utilization and expenditure.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Shi, L, Yoon, J, Li, T, Jeff, L|
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Medicaid expansion on asthma-related health care services utilization and expenditures among low-income adult patients with asthma aged 26-64.
METHODS: Using a pooled dataset from 2007 to 2018 Medical Expenditures Panel Surveys (MEPS), we implemented a multivariate difference-in-differences analysis, which compared changes in utilization and expenditures for asthma-related health care services among adult patients with asthma with income below 133% Federal Poverty Level (FPL) vs. above 133%-400% FPL, before and after Medicaid expansion in 2014. We used negative binomial models to analyze utilization outcomes. Expenditures were estimated using two-part models with logit as the first part and generalized linear models as the second part. Estimates were weighted for the complex multi-stage sampling design of MEPS.
RESULTS: Medicaid expansion was associated with increases in both utilization and expenditures for asthma-related prescription drugs among low-income patients with asthma, by 1.8 prescription fills ( < 0.05) and $233 ( < 0.05) per year, respectively. No statistically significant association was detected for other asthma-related health care services.
CONCLUSION: Medicaid expansion led to an increase in accessibility of prescription drugs among low-income asthma patients, but had no effect on other asthma-related health care services.
|Alternate Journal||J Asthma|