TitleImpact of improved cookstoves on indoor air pollution and adverse health effects among Honduran women.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsClark, ML, Peel, JL, Burch, JB, Nelson, TL, Robinson, MM, Conway, S, Bachand, AM, Reynolds, SJ
JournalInt J Environ Health Res
Date Published2009 Oct
KeywordsAdult, Air Pollution, Indoor, C-Reactive Protein, Carbon Monoxide, Cooking, Cross-Sectional Studies, Data Collection, Environmental Monitoring, Female, Honduras, Housing, Humans, Inhalation Exposure, Middle Aged, Particulate Matter, Respiratory Function Tests, Young Adult

Elevated indoor air pollution levels due to the burning of biomass in developing countries are well established. Few studies have quantitatively assessed air pollution levels of improved cookstoves and examined these measures in relation to health effects. We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 79 Honduran women cooking with traditional or improved cookstoves. Carbon monoxide and fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) levels were assessed via indoor and personal monitoring. Pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms were ascertained. Finger-stick blood spot samples were collected to measure C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations. The use of improved stoves was associated with 63% lower levels of personal PM(2.5), 73% lower levels of indoor PM(2.5), and 87% lower levels of indoor carbon monoxide as compared to traditional stoves. Women using traditional stoves reported symptoms more frequently than those using improved stoves. There was no evidence of associations between cookstove type or air quality measures with lung function or CRP.

Alternate JournalInt J Environ Health Res
PubMed ID19626518