TitleHousehold use of crop residues and fuelwood for cooking and newborn birth size in rural Bangladesh.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsLee, M-S, Eum, K-D, Golam, M, Quamruzzaman, Q, Kile, ML, Mazumdar, M, Christiani, DC
JournalOccup Environ Med
Date Published02/2022

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association between type of cooking biomass fuels (crop residues vs fuelwood) and newborn birth outcomes in Bangladeshi children.

METHODS: In this birth cohort study, pregnant women who were 18 years or older with ultrasound confirmed singleton pregnancy of ≤16 weeks of gestation were enrolled from two Bangladesh clinics between January 2008 and June 2011. Exposure to cooking biomass fuels during pregnancy was assessed by an administered questionnaire. The newborn size metrics were measured at the time of delivery. We used multiple linear regression and logistic regression to assess the associations between the type of cooking biomass fuels and birth outcomes after adjusting for covariates.

RESULTS: A total of 1137 participants were using biomass fuels, including crop residues (30.3%) and fuelwood (69.7%), respectively, for cooking. After adjusting for covariates, the use of crop residues for cooking was associated with a 0.13 SD decrease in birth length (95% CI 0.25 to -0.01), a 0.14 SD decrease in head circumference (95% CI -0.27 to -0.02), and increased risk of low birth weight (LBW, OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.07 to 2.15) compared with the use of fuelwood.

CONCLUSION: The use of crop residues for cooking was associated with reduced birth size and increased risk for LBW in Bangladeshi children, implying that the use of crop residues during pregnancy may have a detrimental effect on fetal growth.

Alternate JournalOccup Environ Med
PubMed ID35228261