TitleHIV Self-Testing: a Review of Current Implementation and Fidelity.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsEstem, KS, Catania, JA, Klausner, JD
JournalCurr HIV/AIDS Rep
Date Published2016 Apr
KeywordsHIV Infections, HIV Seropositivity, Homosexuality, Male, Humans, Male, Mass Screening, Reagent Kits, Diagnostic, Self-Examination

Oral HIV self-testing is an innovative and potentially high-impact means to increase HIV-case identification globally. As a screening test, oral HIV self-testing offers the potential for increased adoption through greater convenience and privacy, and the potential to increase the proportion of the population who test regularly. Research on how best to translate the innovation of oral self-testing to high-risk populations is underway. Currently only one oral HIV self-test kit is FDA-approved (OraQuick In-Home HIV Test) and available for retail sale. In the present report we review recent studies on the dissemination, adoption, and implementation of oral HIV testing. Prior work has focused primarily on adoption, but recent studies have begun to identify methods for improving dissemination and problems associated with self-implementation. At present a major barrier to wider adoption is the relatively high retail cost of the oral HIV test kit. Significant but minor barriers are represented by overly complex instructional materials for some population segments, and dissemination programs of unknown efficacy. Theoretical and practical suggestions for conducting research on dissemination, adoption, and implementation of oral HIV testing are discussed.

Alternate JournalCurr HIV/AIDS Rep
PubMed ID26879653