|Title||Guidelines and Criteria for the Implementation of Community-Based Health Promotion Programs for Individuals With Disabilities|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Drum, CE, Peterson, JJ, Culley, C, Krahn, GL, Heller, T, Kimpton, T, McCubbin, J, Rimmer, J, Seekins, T, Suzuki, R, White, GW|
|Journal||American Journal of Health Promotion|
|Pagination||93 - 101|
Purpose: To assess the efficacy of an intervention to promote mammography and Papanicolaou (Pap) testing among women with mobility impairments overdue for screenings Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Urban and suburban Oregon. Participants: Women aged 35 to 64 with mobility impairments who reported not receiving a Pap test in the past 3 years and/or mammogram (if age >40 years) in the last 2 years were eligible. A total of 211 women were randomized, and 156 completed the study (26% attrition). The majority were not employed and reported annual income <$10,000. Intervention: The Promoting Access to Health Services (PATHS) program is a 90-minute, small-group, participatory workshop with 6 months of structured telephone support, based on the health belief model and social cognitive theory. Measures: Perceived susceptibility to breast and cervical cancer, perceived benefits of and self-efficacy for screening, intention to be screened, and self-reported receipt of mammography and Pap testing. Analysis: Chi-square tests to examine the proportion of women obtaining screening; analysis of covariance to examine change in theoretical mediators. Results: The intervention group received more Pap tests than the control group at posttest (intervention 61%, control 27%, n = 71, p < .01). No significant group effect was observed for mammography (intervention 49%, control 42%, n = 125, p = .45). Conclusion: Findings indicate that the PATHS intervention promotes Pap testing but not mammography among women with mobility impairments.