TitleGreater explosive quadriceps strength is associated with greater knee flexion at initial contact during landing in females.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsNorcross, MF, Almog, R, Huang, Y-L, Chang, E, Hannigan, K, Johnson, S
JournalSports Biomech
Date Published04/2021

This study investigated the influences of explosive quadriceps strength and landing task on sagittal plane knee biomechanics. Forty female participants performed isometric knee extensions on a dynamometer and had lower extremity biomechanics assessed during double-leg jump-landings (DLJL) and single-leg jump-cuts (SLJC). Explosive quadriceps strength was quantified by calculating rate of torque development (RTD) between torque onset and 100 ms after onset on a dynamometer. Participants were stratified into high and low RTD groups. Landing biomechanics were compared using 2 (Group) × 2 (Task) mixed-model ANOVAs. The relationships between quadriceps RTD and landing biomechanics were also assessed using simple, bivariate correlations. Across RTD groups, greater knee flexion at initial contact (KFIC), peak vertical ground reaction force, peak anterior tibial shear force, and peak internal knee extension moment, and lesser peak knee flexion was observed during SLJC compared to DLJL. The high RTD group exhibited significantly greater KFIC than the low RTD group across landing tasks. Greater quadriceps RTD was significantly associated with greater KFIC during SLJC, but not during DLJL. As landing with lesser KFIC is a risk factor for ACL injury, greater explosive quadriceps strength capacity might be beneficial for facilitating the use of safer landing mechanics during athletic tasks.

Alternate JournalSports Biomech
PubMed ID33821760