TitleGPS-based built environment measures associated with adult physical activity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBoakye, KA, Amram, O, Schuna, Jr, JM, Duncan, GE, Hystad, P
JournalHealth & Place
Date Published07/2021


  • Built environment characteristics can be either a barrier or facilitator of physical activity.
  • We examined associations between eight GPS-based built environment characteristics and location-based physical activity.
  • Increased odds of LMVPA and MVPA were associated most strongly with nature elements of the built environment.
  • Examining multiple built environment characteristics is essential for understanding associations with physical activity.

Studies often rely on home locations to access built environment (BE) influences on physical activity (PA). We use GPS and accelerometer data collected for 288 individuals over a two-week period to examine eight GPS-derived BE characteristics and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and light-to-moderate-vigorous PA (LMVPA). NDVI, parks, blue space, pedestrian-orientated intersections, and population density were associated with increased odds of LMVPA and MVPA, while traffic air pollution and noise were associated with decreased odds of LMVPA and MVPA. Associations varied by population density and when accounting for multiple BE measures. These findings provide further information on where individuals choose to be physically active.

Short TitleHealth & Place