TitleGender roles in U.S. women with HIV: Intersection with psychological and physical health outcomes
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBrody, LR, Dale, SK, Kelso, GA, Cruise, RC, Weber, KM, Stokes, LR, Cohen, MH
Book TitleWomen’s Empowerment and Global Health: A Twenty-First-Century Agenda.
ISBN Number9780520272873

First paragraph of the chapter

Women with or at risk for HIV infection often experience gender inequality, tend to be African American or Latina, live in poverty, and have a history of trauma (Amaro and Raj 2000; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2016; Gupta 2000). HIV-infected women in the United States, especially African Americans, demonstrate poorer health outcomes, such as lower rates of virologic suppression and higher rates of morbidity and mortality, than their male counterparts (National Center for Health Statistics 2011). Given these outcomes, it is important to identify the coping strategies that are related to better health outcomes. We are interested in coping strategies that reflect individual agency and empowerment, defined by Kabeer (2001) as the expansion of women’s abilities to make strategic life choices in a context where this ability was previously denied to them.