TitleFamily and Work Influences on Stress, Anxiety and Depression Among Bisexual Latino Men in the New York City Metropolitan Area.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsMuñoz-Laboy, M, Ripkin, A, Garcia, J, Severson, N
JournalJ Immigr Minor Health
Date Published2015 Dec
KeywordsAcculturation, Adult, Anxiety, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression, Environment, Family Relations, Gender Identity, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Mental Health, New York City, Sexual and Gender Minorities, Social Environment, Socioeconomic Factors, Stress, Psychological, United States, Workplace

The empirical exploration of mental health problems among bisexual Latino men is scarce. Bisexual men experience stress because of their non-conforming sexuality from multiple-sources. In this study we focus on the family and work environments. We conducted a mixed-methods study to examine the impacts of these social environments among behavioral bisexual Latino men in New York City (N = 142). Using the Brief Symptom Inventory we measured stress, depression, and anxiety, and used specific scales to measure familial and work social environmental stress factors. We also measured four cultural factors to assess their potential influence on our hypothesized stressors. To test our hypothesis we used linear regression with stress, depression and anxiety as the primary outcome variables. Our results indicated that bisexual Latino men experienced negative mental health outcomes due to pressures in their familial and work environments. Stress was the strongest predictor of anxiety and depression among the men in the study. After taking stress into account, familial factors were stronger predictors of negative mental health outcomes than work factors. Cultural factors such as acculturation and length of living in the United States were not associated with negative mental health outcomes in our sample. Our findings suggest the importance of addressing stress, anxiety and depression among behaviorally bisexual men, and suggest that addressing family-based stressors is critical for this population. This research should inform future studies addressing this underserved population and provide mental health providers with a foundation for working with bisexual Latino men.

Alternate JournalJ Immigr Minor Health
PubMed ID25957046
Grant List1R01HD-056948-01A2 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States