TitleExposure to neighborhood green space and mental health: evidence from the survey of the health of Wisconsin.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBeyer, KMM, Kaltenbach, A, Szabo, A, Bogar, S, F. Nieto, J, Malecki, KM
JournalInt J Environ Res Public Health
Volume11
Issue3
Pagination3453-72
Date Published2014 Mar 21
ISSN1660-4601
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Anxiety, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression, Female, Humans, Linear Models, Male, Mental Health, Middle Aged, Nature, Public Facilities, Residence Characteristics, Socioeconomic Factors, Stress, Psychological, Trees, Wisconsin, Young Adult
Abstract
 

Green space is now widely viewed as a health-promoting characteristic of residential environments, and has been linked to mental health benefits such as recovery from mental fatigue and reduced stress, particularly through experimental work in environmental psychology. Few population level studies have examined the relationships between green space and mental health. Further, few studies have considered the role of green space in non-urban settings. This study contributes a population-level perspective from the United States to examine the relationship between environmental green space and mental health outcomes in a study area that includes a spectrum of urban to rural environments. Multivariate survey regression analyses examine the association between green space and mental health using the unique, population-based Survey of the Health of Wisconsin database. Analyses were adjusted for length of residence in the neighborhood to reduce the impact of neighborhood selection bias. Higher levels of neighborhood green space were associated with significantly lower levels of symptomology for depression, anxiety and stress, after controlling for a wide range of confounding factors. Results suggest that "greening" could be a potential population mental health improvement strategy in the United States.

DOI10.3390/ijerph110303453
Alternate JournalInt J Environ Res Public Health
PubMed ID24662966
PubMed Central IDPMC3987044
Grant ListKL2-RR025012 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
KL2 RR025012 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
UL1RR031973 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR000427 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
1RC2HL101468-01 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL101468 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
P2C HD047873 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
UL1 RR031973 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States