TitleExplaining the Economic Disparity Gap in the Rate of Substantiated Child Maltreatment in Canada
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsRothwell, D, Wegner-Lohin, J, Fast, E, De Boer, K, Trocmé, N, Fallon, B, Esposito, T
JournalJL & Soc. Pol'y

Children from families living in the United States of America. Compared with the United States. This difference in risk across economic groups is referred to as the disparity gap in child maltreatment. Little is known about the economic disparity gap functions in Canada. The purpose of this study is to understand the prevalence of economic hardship in the child welfare system and to explain the economic disparity gap. We used the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008) That file Managed worker Reported data were investigated ( n= 15,980) from 112 Canadian child welfare sites. In 2008, economic hardship was noted as a concern for 13% of all families investigated. The rate of maltreatment is higher (80%) compared to economic hardship (51%). The unadjusted risk ratio (RR) for substantiated maltreatment was 1.49 (reference group = children not experiencing economic hardship), CI [1.46 - 1.52]; regression-adjusted RR was 1.21, CI [1.16 - 1.24]. Of the 29-percentage point economic disparity gap in substantiated maltreatment, decomposition analysis showed that 69% ( iewas explained by differences in covariates. Such factors may be used in the treatment of mental illness, such as the use of mental health care and the treatment of a child or a caregiver. Closing the large economic disparity gap requires new interdisciplinary policies and programs.