TitleExamining Stage of Change Differences in NCAA Student-Athletes’ Readiness for Psychological Skills Training
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsGnacinski, SL, Massey, WV, Hess, CW, Nai, MM, Arvinen-Barrow, M, Meyer, BB
JournalThe Sport Psychologist
Pagination356 - 368
Date PublishedJan-12-2017

To enhance the specificity of psychological skills training (PST) interventions, the purpose of the current study was to examine stage of change and gender differences in the combination of transtheoretical model (TTM) constructs (i.e., decisional balance pros and cons, self-efficacy, cognitive and behavioral processes of change) among collegiate student-athletes. Participants (N = 602) completed all TTM measures, and a factorial multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was conducted to examine the effects of stage of change and gender on the combination of TTM constructs. No significant interaction effect was identified, yet significant main effects of stage of change and gender were identified. Post hoc tests revealed unique linear combinations of decisional balance, self-efficacy, and processes of change for each stage of change contrast. Taken together, study findings may be used to enhance the specificity of behavior change interventions when delivering PST programs to both male and female collegiate student-athletes.

Short TitleThe Sport Psychologist