TitleExamining the role of location-specific associations between ambient air pollutants and adult asthma in the United States.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLi, T, Lin, G
JournalHealth Place
Date Published01/2014
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Air Pollutants, Air Pollution, Asthma, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Ozone, Risk Factors, Rural Population, Sex Factors, Suburban Population, United States, Urban Population, Young Adult

This study examined the association between ozone and fine particulate (PM2.5) exposure and asthma risk by place of residence. We linked 412,832 adult respondents from the 2009 U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to their residence counties. Observed and interpolated ozone and PM2.5 concentration data from 2006 to 2009 were used as exposures. We linked self-reported current asthma status and other individual risk factors to county-level risk factors in multilevel logistic regressions. Results indicated spatially varied asthma risks and spatially varied associations between ambient air pollution and asthma risk. Residents in counties not located within a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) and in inner ring suburbs had a relatively higher asthma risk. Positive ozone-asthma associations were detected across all spatial settings, while positive PM2.5-asthma associations were detected only in central cities of an MSA and in outer ring suburbs, indicating that residence location modified the relationship between ambient air pollution and asthma risk.

Alternate JournalHealth Place
PubMed ID24216026