TitleEvidence-based Strategies for Socially, Emotionally and Physically Beneficial School Recess
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsMassey, WV, Stellino, MB, Claassen, J, Dykstra, S, Henning, A
JournalJournal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance
Pagination48 - 52
Date PublishedJan-06-2019

Health and education disparities continue to persist in low-income communities, and in communities with a high proportion of racial and ethnic minorities. Despite recess being a main contributor to children's school-based physical activity (PA), children in the aforementioned communities have less access to recess opportunities. The purpose of this article is to present evidence-based strategies and underlying critical success factors for school-based recess implementation that can be used by health and education professionals to increase PA opportunities in urban elementary schools. A brief overview of recess programs is provided, with a specific focus on Playworks — a national non-profit organization focused on providing safe and engaging recess for children. A program evaluation of the Playworks program was conducted through 15 focus groups and 13 semi-structured interviews. Data from a content analysis was used to identify strategies and critical success factors for recess implementation. These strategies are discussed, with implications for health and education professionals.

Short TitleJournal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance