TitleElevated hepatic fatty acid elongase-5 activity affects multiple pathways controlling hepatic lipid and carbohydrate composition.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsWang, Y, Torres-Gonzalez, M, Tripathy, S, Botolin, D, Christian, B, Jump, DB
JournalJ Lipid Res
Volume49
Issue7
Pagination1538-52
Date Published2008 Jul
ISSN0022-2275
KeywordsAcetyltransferases, Animals, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Cells, Cultured, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic, Humans, Lipid Metabolism, Liver, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, PPAR alpha, Rats
Abstract
 

Hepatic fatty acid elongase-5 (Elovl-5) plays an important role in long chain monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis. Elovl-5 activity is regulated during development, by diet, hormones, and drugs, and in chronic disease. This report examines the impact of elevated Elovl-5 activity on hepatic function. Adenovirus-mediated induction of Elovl5 activity in livers of C57BL/6 mice increased hepatic and plasma levels of dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (20:3,n-6) while suppressing hepatic arachidonic acid (20:4,n-6) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6,n-3) content. The fasting-refeeding response of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha-regulated genes was attenuated in mice with elevated Elovl5 activity. In contrast, the fasting-refeeding response of hepatic sterol-regulatory element binding protein-1 (SREBP-1)-regulated and carbohydrate-regulatory element binding protein/Max-like factor X-regulated genes, Akt and glycogen synthase kinase (Gsk)-3beta phosphorylation, and the accumulation of hepatic glycogen content and nuclear SREBP-1 were not impaired by elevated Elovl5 activity. Hepatic triglyceride content and the phosphorylation of AMP-activated kinase alpha and Jun kinase 1/2 were reduced by elevated Elovl5 activity. Hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase expression was suppressed, while hepatic glycogen content and phosphorylated Gsk-3beta were significantly increased, in livers of fasted mice with increased Elovl5 activity. As such, hepatic Elovl5 activity may affect hepatic glucose production during fasting. In summary, Elovl5-induced changes in hepatic fatty acid content affect multiple pathways regulating hepatic lipid and carbohydrate composition.

DOI10.1194/jlr.M800123-JLR200
Alternate JournalJ. Lipid Res.
PubMed ID18376007
PubMed Central IDPMC2431109
Grant ListR01 DK043220 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK-43220 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States