TitleEfficacy of a web-based women's health survivorship care plan for young breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled trial.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsH Su, I, Stark, S, Kwan, B, Boles, S, Chingos, D, Ehren, J, Gorman, JR, Krychman, M, Romero, SAD, Mao, JJ, Pierce, JP, Natarajan, L
JournalBreast Cancer Res Treat
Date Published05/2019
ISSN1573-7217
Abstract
 

PURPOSE: Breast cancer survivorship care plans (SCP) have limited content addressing women's health issues. This trial tested if young breast cancer survivors who receive a web-based, women's health SCP were more likely to improve on at least one of the four targeted issues (hot flashes, fertility-related concerns, contraception, and vaginal symptoms) compared to attention controls.

METHODS: A randomized controlled trial recruited female survivors ages 18-45 at diagnosis, 18-50 at enrollment, completed primary cancer treatment, and had a significant women's health issue: moderate or higher fertility-related concerns; ≥ 4 hot flashes/day with ≥ 1 of moderate severity; ≥ 1 moderate vaginal atrophy symptoms; or not contracepting/using less effective methods. Survivors underwent stratified, block randomization with equal allocation to intervention and control groups. The intervention group accessed the online SCP; controls accessed curated resource lists. In intention-to-treat analysis, the primary outcome of improvement in at least one issue by 24 weeks was compared by group.

RESULTS: 182 participants (86 intervention, 96 control), mean age 40.0 ± 5.9 and 4.4 ± 3.2 years since diagnosis, were randomized. 61 intervention group participants (70.9%) improved, compared to 55 controls (57.3%) (OR 1.82, 95% CI 0.99-3.4, p = 0.057). The following issue-specific improvements were observed in the intervention versus control arms: fertility-related concerns (27.9% vs. 14.6%, OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.1-4.8); hot flashes (58.5% vs. 55.8%, OR 1.1, 95% CI 0.57-2.2); vaginal symptoms (42.5% vs. 40.7%, OR 1.1, 95% CI 0.6-2.0); contraception (50% vs. 42.6%, OR 1.4, 95% CI 0.74-2.5).

CONCLUSIONS: In young breast cancer survivors, a novel, web-based SCP did not result in more change in the primary outcome of improvement in at least one of the four targeted women's health issues, than the attention control condition. The intervention was associated with improved infertility concerns, supporting efficacy of disseminating accessible, evidence-based women's health information to this population.

DOI10.1007/s10549-019-05260-6
Alternate JournalBreast Cancer Res. Treat.
PubMed ID31054032
Grant List20OB-0144 / / California Breast Cancer Research Program /
P30-CA008748 / / National Cancer Institute /