TitleEffect modification of perinatal exposure to air pollution and childhood asthma incidence.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLavigne, E, Bélair, M-A, Duque, DRodriguez, Do, MT, Stieb, DM, Hystad, P, van Donkelaar, A, Martin, RV, Crouse, DL, Crighton, E, Chen, H, Burnett, RT, Weichenthal, S, Villeneuve, PJ, To, T, Brook, JR, Johnson, M, Cakmak, S, Yasseen, AS, Walker, M
JournalEur Respir J
Date Published02/2018
ISSN1399-3003
Abstract
 

Perinatal exposure to ambient air pollution has been associated with childhood asthma incidence, however, less is known regarding the potential effect modifiers in this association. We examined whether maternal and infant characteristics modified the association between perinatal exposure to air pollution and development of childhood asthma.761 172 births occurring between 2006 and 2012 were identified in the province of Ontario, Canada. Associations between exposure to ambient air pollutants and childhood asthma incidence (up to age 6) were estimated using Cox regression models.110,981 children with asthma were identified. In models adjusted for postnatal exposures, second trimester exposures to particulate matter with a diameter ≤2.5 μm (PM) (Hazard Ratio (HR) per interquartile (IQR) increase=1.07, 95% CI: 1.06-1.09) and nitrogen dioxide (NO) (HR per IQR increase=1.06, 95% CI: 1.03-1.08) were associated with childhood asthma development. Enhanced impacts were found among children born to mothers with asthma, those who smoked during pregnancy, boys, those born preterm, of low birth weight and among those born to mothers living in urban areas during pregnancy.Prenatal exposure to air pollution may have a differential impact on the risk of asthma development according to maternal and infant characteristics.

DOI10.1183/13993003.01884-2017
Alternate JournalEur. Respir. J.
PubMed ID29419440
PubMed Central IDPMC5898934